Nepal is called an agricultural country because: More than 70% of people are engaged in agriculture. 70% goods to export aboard comes from agriculture. More than 40% national revenue comes from agriculture. Advertisement
Nepal is an agricultural country having 66 percent people directly engaged in farming. Farming is subsistent in nature and crop is mostly integrated with livestock. Nepal is richly endowed with agro-biodiversity. Rice, maize, millet, wheat, barley and buckwheat are the major staple food crops.
How much of Nepal’s agricultural land is being irrigated?
Out of 2.7 million hectares of agricultural land in Nepal, only 1.3 Mha have irrigation facilities. The majority of irrigation systems are small and medium-scale. A recent study funded by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) revealed that about 0.8% of agricultural GDP is being lost annually due to climate change and extreme events.
What are the characteristics of Nepalese farmers?
In general the majority of Nepalese farmers are subsistence farmers and do not export surplus; this does not prevent a minority in the fertile southern Tarai region from being able to do so. Most of the country is mountainous, and there are pockets of food-deficit areas.
How many hectares of land is under paddy cultivation in Nepal?
By 1988 approximately 3.9 million hectares of land were under paddy cultivation. Many people in Nepal devote their lives to cultivating rice to survive. In 1966 approximately 500,000 tons of corn, the second major food crop, were produced. By 1989 corn production had increased to over 1 million tons.
What is the agriculture like in the Kathmandu Valley?
Cultivation in the Kathmandu Valley. In Nepal, the economy is dominated by agriculture. In the late 1980s, it was the livelihood for more than 90% of the population, although only approximately 20% of the total land area was cultivable, it accounted for, on average, about 60% of the GDP and approximately 75% of exports.
Why agriculture is the main occupation of Nepal?
Agriculture is very important in the context of Nepal because it is the agro-base country so the land of theNepal is fertile for the cultivation of land and agriculture.
Why is our country called an agricultural country?
agriculture has been practised in India for ages. it is called the backbone of Indian economy. about 60% to 70% of India’s population depends upon agriculture for their livelihood. net sown area still accounts for about 46% of the total cultivated area of india.
Is called an agricultural country?
Explanation: India is primarily an agriculture country. farming is the procedure of using the land for raising various varieties of crops.
Why agriculture is the backbone of Nepal?
Agriculture is the backbone of Nepalese economy, means of livelihood for the majority of the population and the main source of income and employment generation. The agriculture sector in Nepal contributes approximately 33 percent of the GDP and employees an estimated 78% of total labour force.
Which country is No 1 in agriculture?
China is the world’s largest grain producer, yet has grown more dependent on food imports in recent decades. Much of India’s output is produced by subsistence farmers and consumed locally.
Which country is No 1 in agriculture 2021?
China is the top country by gross value of agricultural production in the world. As of 2018, gross value of agricultural production in China was 883,658,208 million US dollars that accounts for 24.97% of the world’s gross value of agricultural production.
Why is India agriculture country?
India is a global agricultural powerhouse. It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices, and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton.
What do you mean by agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.
Why is India called agricultural country Mcq?
Expert-verified answer 2/3 of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture. It is based on the following facts: Fact 1: The share of agribusiness in India’s GDP has consistently declined since 1950, which used to be minimal more than 52% and now stands near 16– 17%.
Why is agriculture important for Nepal any four reasons?
Thus, agricultural development in Nepal is very important to provide daily needs to the people, increase trading, slow down imports, solve the problem of unemployment and provide raw materials to industries. The development of the country depends on the agricultural development.
What is agriculture and the importance of agriculture?
Definition: Agriculture is generally known as Farming; it is an art and science that prudent endeavor to reshape a part of Earth’s crust through cultivation of plants and other crops as well as raising livestock for sustenance or other necessities for human being and economic gain.
What are the features of Nepalese agriculture explain them?
Nepalese farming system is predominated by food crops. It occupies 89.2 percent of the total arable land. In total production food crops like paddy, maize, barley, millet, wheat etc cover 65% and remaining 35% by cash crops like sugarcane, tobacco, oilseeds, jute etc.
Why is Nepal considered an agricultural country?
Nepal is called an agricultural country because: More than 70% of people are engaged in agriculture. 70% goods to export aboard comes from agriculture. More than 40% national revenue comes from agriculture.
Is Nepal an agricultural country?
Nepal is an agricultural country having 66 percent people directly engaged in farming. Farming is subsistent in nature and crop is mostly integrated with livestock. … Most Nepalese farmers grow diversified crops in order to hedge against erratic and uncertain weather and other unfavourable agronomic condition
How much of Nepal’s land is uncultivated?
According to Statistical Information on Nepalese Agriculture (2008/2009) only 65.6% of people depends on agriculture and 21% of land is cultivated whereas 6.99% of land is uncultivated.
What is the economy of Nepal?
In Nepal, the economy is dominated by agriculture. In the late 1980s, it was the livelihood for more than 90% of the population, although only approximately 20% of the total land area was cultivable, it accounted for, on average, about 60% of the GDP and approximately 75% of exports. Since the formulation of the Fifth Five-Year Plan (1975–80), agriculture has been the highest priority because economic growth was dependent on both increasing the productivity of existing crops and diversifying the agricultural base for use as industrial inputs.
Why is agriculture the highest priority?
Since the formulation of the Fifth Five-Year Plan (1975–80), agriculture has been the highest priority because economic growth was dependent on both increasing the productivity of existing crops and diversifying the agricultural base for use as industrial inputs.
What is the main source of food, income, and employment for the majority of the world?
According to the World Bank, agriculture is the main source of food, income, and employment for the majority. It provides about 33% of the gross domestic product (GDP). In trying to increase agricultural production and diversify the agricultural base, the government focused on irrigation, the use of fertilizers and insecticides, …
What is Nepal’s agriculture?
Agriculture in Nepal has long been based on subsistence farming, particularly in the hilly regions where peasants derive their living from fragmented plots of land cultivated in difficult conditions. Government programs to introduce irrigation facilities and fertilizers have proved inadequate, their delivery hampered by the mountainous terrain.
How much of Nepal’s income is derived from agriculture?
More than 80% of people are involved in agriculture in Nepal and about 40% of total annual income is derived from agriculture. Thankyou I found this information as well very important.
How much forest cover did Nepal lose?
In the rush to open up arable land in the early years of development, Nepal lost half its forest cover in the space of 3 decades. Government plans to maintain cover at 37 percent depend on the success of community forestry programs, which merge traditional and modern agro-forestry and conservation practices.
What was the issue in Nepal before 1950?
A potent issue is that of land reform . Before 1950, a feudal system held sway. Land ownership was concentrated in the hands of landlords who contracted out to tenant farmers. Increased productivity may have been suppressed by such a system. Even though the legal mechanisms for land reform (such as placing limits on the amount of land owned) do exist, in practice most farmers still have pitifully small holdings. Predictably, land reform has been the mandate of every political party in Nepal, particularly the communists.
What is the food deficit in Nepal?
Once an exporter of rice, Nepal now has a food deficit. Over 80 percent of the population is involved in agriculture, which constitutes 41 percent of GDP. The seasonal nature of farming leads to widespread underemployment, but programs to grow cash crops and encourage cottage industries have had some success over the years.
How does deforestation affect Nepal?
Increased agricultural activity has placed tremendous stress on the fragile ecosystems of the mountains, with severe deforestation leading to erosion and flooding that threatens the livelihoods of farmers throughout the country. In the rush to open up arable land in the early years of development, Nepal lost half its forest cover in the space of 3 decades. Government plans to maintain cover at 37 percent depend on the success of community forestry programs, which merge traditional and modern agro-forestry and conservation practices. Responsibility is placed in the hands of Forest User Groups, which included almost 800,000 households in 1999.
How many hectares of land were under irrigation in 1956?
Land under irrigation increased from 6,200 hectares in 1956 to 583,000 hectares in 1990. The use of chemical fertilizers, introduced in the 1950s, climbed to about 47,000 metric tons by 1998. Still, the weather continues to determine good and bad years for the average farmer.