Why is pest control important in agriculture


  • It reduces the hazards of pesticides. All the risk associated with the use of pesticides to eradicate pests is eliminated, whether it is a nutritional risk or environmental risk. …
  • It is the antidote for pesticide-resistant pests. …
  • It is the safest method of pest control. …

Diseases, insects, and weeds can cause costly and irreparable harm to livestock and crops. Methods to manage these problems include the use of pesticides or biological pest control. Integrated pest management (IPM) couples both methods and includes monitoring to reduce the overuse of pesticide applications.


What are the four general methods of pest control?

  • Wearing a hand glove before applying your chemical pesticides.
  • Disinfecting the surfaces you might have touched while applying.
  • Wearing a nose guard/mask to safeguard your health.
  • Keeping your pets all locked up during and after applying the pesticides.

More items…

What is the significance of pest control?

The importance of pest control. There are a number of valid reasons why having pest control management systems in place is so critical. By far, the importance of pest control is linked to pests being carriers of diseases. Pest control can be presumed the means of taking care of pests in a property you safeguard for its users or purpose.

Why is pest control important and necessary?

  • Mechanical method
  • Cultural method
  • Biological method
  • Chemical method

What are the benefits of pest control?

  • Eliminate unnecessary health risks. Pests spread diseases such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, Malaria, Yellow Fever, among a list of others.
  • Professional expertise and peace of mind. Pest control technicians understand what products work, and when to use them. …
  • Ensures the safety of your facility and keeps your business running. …

Why is proper pest control important?

Pest control is necessary because rodents and insects carry diseases, infest your kitchens and bedrooms, and bite you or your pets. The purpose of removing any kind of pest from your home, garage, or yard is to keep you safe and healthy. For example, rodents can leave feces on or near food they find in your kitchen.

What is the impact of pests to agriculture?

They have a direct impact on agricultural food production by chewing the leaves of crop plants, sucking out plant juices, boring within the roots, stems or leaves, and spreading plant pathogens. They feed on natural fibers, destroy wooden building materials, ruin stored grain, and accelerate the process of decay.

Why is pest control important in a food establishment?

An investment in professional pest management strategies yields several significant benefits, including effective food safety and quality assurance in the plant, reduced risk of product loss, and enhanced brand reputation and consumer satisfaction.

What is pest management in agriculture?

NSP – Integrated Pest Management. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem approach to crop production and protection that combines different management strategies and practices to grow healthy crops and minimize the use of pesticides.

What is a pest in agriculture?

Pests are insects or small animals which damage crops or food supplies.

Why is pest control important in agriculture?

Pest control provides protection from harmful insects that can cause public health issues and costly damages to property. We at Westex Pest Management take that responsibility very seriously. Why is Pest Management Important. Almost 20% of the world’s food supply is consumed by rodents.

What is pest in agriculture?

A pest is an organism with characteristics that people see as damaging or unwanted, as it harms agriculture through feeding on crops or parasitizing livestock. The term pest is used to refer specifically to harmful animals but it also relates to all other harmful organisms, including fungi and viruses.

How can we control agricultural pests?

U.S. farmers employ a range of pest management strategies to control weeds, insects, fungi, viruses, and bacteria. They till their soils, rotate their crops, scout their fields, and carefully consider factors such as plant density and planting dates. They also apply organic and synthetic pesticides.

How do pests affect agriculture?

Pests reduce crop productivity in various ways, classified by their impacts; stand reducers (damping-off pathogens), photosynthetic rate reducers (fungi, bacteria, viruses), leaf senescence accelerators (pathogens), light stealers (weeds, some pathogens), assimilate sappers (nematodes, pathogens, sucking arthropods),

Which insect destroy the crops?

When millions of locusts descend on a crop, they destroy everything. The desert locust is considered the most destructive migratory pest in the world and a single swarm covering one square kilometre can contain up to 80 million locusts.

What is agricultural diseases and pests?

5Plant Diseases and Insect Pests. The damage to plants caused by competition from weeds and by other pests including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and insects greatly impairs their productivity and in some instances can totally destroy a crop.

What insect can cause problems in agriculture?

Various grasshoppers, weevils, beetles, and small insects like thrips and certain fly larva can cause significant damage. Among the most common types of detrimental insects are the Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies), and the Homoptera (aphids and leafhoppers).

What is the learning objective of pests?

A pest is an organism living and growing where they are not wanted and can cause damage to plants, humans, structures, and other creatures, including crops that are grown for food. Students will learn about different types of pests and the damage they cause, including an example of pests on corn.

How to control pests in your home?

To control pests both in our homes and on crops, integrated pest management is a strategy that we can use. Integrated pest management is a process that uses different ways to control pests. The steps include 1) Identify the Pest, 2) Monitor Pest Activity, 3) Choose Control Methods, and 4) Evaluate Results.

What are some examples of insects that eat corn?

Examples. Vertebrate Pests. Deer, raccoons, rabbits, birds, and other creatures can eat the corn crop at various stages of the growth of the corn. Invertebrate Pests. Cutworms are the larvae of what will eventually become a moth. In the larvae stage, the cutworms live near or below the soil surface.

What do cutworms eat?

In the larvae stage, the cutworms live near or below the soil surface. The cutworms feed on corn that has recently emerged from the ground, chewing off the small corn sprouts causing damage that often appears as if the corn has been “cut.”. Other invertebrate pests can attack corn at various stages of growth. Weeds.

What are the different types of pests?

Pests can be broken into four main categories 1 Vertebrate Pests#N#Have a backbone. Examples: Rodents, birds, reptiles, and other mammals 2 Invertebrate Pests#N#No backbone. Examples: Insets, spiders, ticks, slugs 3 Weeds#N#Any plant growing out of place. 4 Diseases#N#Fungi, bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.

What are the pests that attack corn?

Other invertebrate pests can attack corn at various stages of growth. Weeds. Besides the corn plants, any other plant in the corn field could be considered weeds, as these other plants are competing for water, sunlight, and nutrients with the corn. Diseases.

What are the threats to food supply?

Pests can pose a serious threat to a food supply. A major food crop is corn, which supplies humans with food that we eat, food for animals, and corn ethanol used for fuel. There are many pests to corn, including vertebrates, invertebrates, weeds, and diseases.

1. To protect contamination of produce

This could be through an array of pests, most commonly mice, rats and insects. Farmers work relentlessly through the year sowing seeds, nurturing their produce before finally harvesting it. The cost and stress for this produce to then to be deemed inconsumable due to pest contamination while in storage is unthinkable.

2. To improve yield of output

For every rabbit grazing on one hectare of winter wheat, the farmer loses one per cent of their annual yield. It is said to be costing the British economy at least £100 million a year with half of this figure to be accounted for by damage to agricultural crops, with wild rabbits eating through fields of wheat, barley and oats.

3. To protect the health of their animals

Moles have the potential of putting a farmers livestock at risk with an increased chance of listeria contamination from the bacteria that is brought to the surface from the soil below, with a proven link to miscarriage in breeding animals.

4. Provide them with paperwork compliance, which is essential for quality assurance

With our regular routine visits, we will help you comply with Red tractor logo, Assured Food Standards, COSSH and the Food & Feed code by providing you with upto date paperwork that is kept in a file onsite.

5. Protect buildings and equipment

On top of the threat of disease spreading, mice and rats are typically spotted by the damage they cause to buildings and equipment on site. They do not give much thought to gnawing through wood work, wiring and cabling, presenting a huge fire risk which can be devastating.

Why is natural pest control important?

This focus is because promoting natural pest control could yield several important benefits, i.e., a reduced reliance on pesticide use, but also greater crop yields and increased biodiversity in agricultural landscapes ( Gagic et al., 2017 ).

What are the pests that humans have been able to control?

Humans have been managing agricultural pests for thousands of years. Pests can include weeds, plant pathogens (certain fungi, bacteria, and viruses), rod ents, and nematodes in addition to the plant-feeding insects and mites described in the preceding text, and are estimated to destroy as much as one-third of all agricultural yield. A wide array of pest control tools exist including cultural practices such as weeding, pesticide applications, and selective plant breeding for pest resistance.

How much pesticide damage did the United States lose in 1989?

For example, agricultural losses due to insect pests in the Unites States were estimated to be approximately 7% in 1945, but approximately 13% in 1989, in spite of the application of almost 10 times as much pesticide.

Why are moths considered crop pests?

As noted earlier, many are migrants, preadapted to be crop pests (because they are highly dispersive insects that locate resources quickly and thrive in early successional habitats).

How do abiotic factors affect insect pests?

Environmental favorability is influenced by abiotic factors that can affect a potential insect pest either directly via tolerance of physical, chemical, or climatic conditions, or indirectly through their influence on the nutritional quality of cultivated plants. For example, heavy rains not only lead to direct mortality of plant-feeding insects, but can also lead to improved host plant quality through the stimulation of plant growth. Similarly, environmental favorability is influenced by biotic factors that, in addition to host plant quality, include host plant abundance, activity of competitors and natural enemies, and disturbance from human intervention. Given the broad range of factors that contribute to environmental favorability, what evidence do we have that natural biological control ever plays a pivotal role in the suppression of potential agricultural pests?

What is an agroecosystem?

Agroecosystem. An ecosystem under agricultural management practices. Biocontrol. Control of agricultural pests by the use of predators and other beneficial organisms (e.g., control of turf grass crickets by parasitic nematodes).

Why are lepidoptera important?

Importance. Lepidoptera, in particular moths, are among the most important forest and agricultural pests. There is almost no plant tissue that is not eaten by one or more species of moths. Most of the forest pests are of cyclical occurrence with natural enemies eventually controlling population numbers.

What is pest control in agriculture?

Pest Control is the strategy adopted to curtail or eradicate the presence of crops or animals

How does biological pest control work?

Biological pest control is aimed at conserving the ecosystem by protecting agricultural produce as well as conserving the natural enemy. Biocontrol employs ‘biological agents’ to reduce pests or eliminate their negative impact on agricultural productivity, such that it brings about an ecological balance.

How to get rid of pests in a dirty environment?

Maintaining a clean environment – Most pests thrive in a dirty environment, so the best to get rid of them is to make it impossible for them to breed. Inter-cropping – This is a practice where different crops are planted on a piece of land. By inter-cropping, it will be difficult for the pest to survive.

How to get rid of pests on farm?

The best way to get rid of the trapped pest and prevent them from going back to the crops is to use pesticides on them.

How to get rid of macro pests?

Handpicking – this is practically picking and getting rid of pests. Setting Traps – this is most effective for macro pests. Building fences – to prevent the unwanted presence of the macro pest. Creating Scarecrows – setting up scarecrows will help prevents birds from eating up the crop.

What is the scale of agricultural production?

The scale of agricultural production. The effect on the product. For instance, if you are to use pesticides to control larvae pests in crops, you’ll need to take into consideration the effect of the chemical on the crop that will be consumed eventually. Pests can be divided into two main categories; Micro and Macro Pest.

Why is intercropping important?

By inter-cropping, it will be difficult for the pest to survive. Crop Spacing – When the crops are properly spaced, it will prevent the pests (especially micro pests) from traveling from one crop to the other. Cultural Pest Control is another natural and ecofriendly way of controlling the pest.

What is pest control?

Pests are the carriers of a wide variety of disease causing bacteria, viruses and a host of other organisms. They are a threat to the health of the staff involved in the processing and handling of food, to consumers. To better understand the importance of pest control in food industry, let’s look at the type of pests, …

What are the pests that are found in food?

However, some pests which are found commonly across a majority of food industries are rodents, cockroaches, flies, moths and beetles.

What is preventive action?

Preventive Action – This step is usually comprised of structural maintenance of your facility which is one of the most effective ways to hinder the entry of pests into your premises.

What are the threats to food industry?

When it comes to the food industry, pests pose major threats. Some of these are listed below: 1 Spreading diseases through a transfer of pathogens 2 Property and equipment damage 3 Contamination of food products and work stations 4 Bad reputation and loss of credit 5 Prosecution and closure

What are the most loathed pests?

Cockroaches – These are one of the most loathed pests and for good reason. They are known to be the carriers of 6 kinds of parasitic worms, 7 kinds of human pathogens and at least 33 kinds of bacteria. They also have a knack for hiding in small crevices, varied diet and rapid reproduction capacity.

How to tell if a rodent is infested?

You can identify a possible rodent infestation through signs such as visual sightings, gnawing sounds, droppings, gnawing of wires and insulation and urine stains which are visible under UV light. They nest close to food sources and are known for their rapid breeding capacity.

What are the effects of birds on gutters?

Birds – They can cause a great amount of physical damage by blocking guttering systems with their nests and feathers as well as dislodging roof tiles , especially the larger birds. Bird droppings, nesting materials and feathers can contaminate food products, surfaces, preparation areas and equipment.

What is a pest in agriculture?

With regards to agriculture, a pest is any organism that can attack plant and agricultural produce, rendering them unsuitable for harvest and unfit for the market. Please read on the prevention and control of pest here. Pest can adversely affect a plant’s seed, root, stem, leaf and flower thereby largely reducing the overall quality …

How does pest affect plants?

Pest can adversely affect a plant’s seed, root, stem, leaf and flower thereby largely reducing the overall quality of harvested fruits and vegetables. Note: Generally, a pest can cause physical damage to humans, animals and crops. Please read on the problems of agriculture in Nigeria here.

What are some examples of crop pests?

Below are some examples of crop pests: 1. Insects: Based on their mode of feeding, insect pest can be put into: Biting and chewing insects: Examples are grasshoppers, termites, army worms, beetles and locusts. Piercing and sucking insects: Examples are aphids, white flies, mealy bugs and cotton strainers.

What are some examples of pests in Nigeria?

Examples are locust and grasshoppers. Cause damage to stored food, fruits or other agricultural produce.


Leave a Comment