Are plantations labor-intensive or extensive?
Plantations are large, labor-intensive farms that mostly produce fruit, sugar, fiber, or vegetable oil products for the international market. The laborers usually work for very low wages that keep them in poverty.
Is agriculture labor-intensive?
A prime example of a labor-intensive industry is the agricultural industry. Jobs in this industry, which is closely related to the cultivation of foodstuffs that must be picked with minimal damage to the plant as a whole (such as fruit from fruit trees), are particularly labor-intensive.
Which farming is labour intensive farming?
Labour intensive farming or labour intensive agriculture involves various types of agriculture with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area. It requires a great deal of labor relative to capital to obtain substantial agricultural produce.
What are the disadvantages of plantation farming?
Local economy may badly suffer following retrenchment of labour; unemployment may increase. (g) Plantation farming is not good for ecology. Over-exploitation and absence of crop-rotation depletes soil fertility and increases soil erosion.
What is a plantation agriculture?
Plantations are a type of commercial farming where a single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton is grown. A large amount of labor and capital are required. The produce may be processed on the farm itself or in nearby factories.
Which industry is labour intensive?
Definition English: Industries that produce goods or services requiring a large amount of labor. Traditionally, labor intensive industries were determined by the amount of capital needed to produce the goods and services. Examples of labor intensive industries include agriculture, mining, hospitality and food service.
What does it mean labour intensive?
Definition of labor-intensive : having high labor costs per unit of output especially : requiring greater expenditure on labor than in capital.
What are labor intensive crops?
In the U.S., two of the most labor-intensive food crops are mushrooms and strawberries, according to Philip Martin, a professor in the department of agriculture and resource economics at the University of California, Davis. Cotton and cottonseed harvesting were mechanized long ago.
What makes farming in India labour intensive?
With small farms and low mechanisation, Indian agriculture is labour intensive. This means high labour costs and low yields. Developed countries give output subsidy to keep prices globally competitive and protect consumers from food inflation.
What is the problem with plantation agriculture?
This paper reviews some of the main environmental issues related to plantation agriculture with perennial crops, including soil erosion, soil fertility decline, pollution, carbon sequestration and biodiversity.
What are the effects of plantation agriculture?
On the environmental front, unsustainable plantation growth is often accused of causing increased emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), loss of biodiversity, water cycle destabilization, soil erosion, nutrient loss as well as land and water pollution (Zapfack et al.
How do plantations affect the environment?
Large-scale, fast-growing tree plantations destroy natural vegetation and cropland, degrade and erode soils, and together with the use of chemical fertilizer and herbicides, cause the release of large volumes of greenhouse gases.