Why is scientific research important in agriculture

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In agriculture, scientists actively seek to discover procedures that will increase livestock and crop yields, improve farmland pro- ductivity, reduce loss due to disease and insects, develop more effi- cient equipment, and increase overall food quality. Researchers look for ways to increase farmers’ profits and to protect the envi- ronment.

In agriculture, scientists actively seek to discover procedures that will increase livestock and crop yields, improve farmland pro- ductivity, reduce loss due to disease and insects, develop more effi- cient equipment, and increase overall food quality.

Full
Answer

What is the importance of Agricultural Research?

Without agricultural research we have virtually no hope of feeding the expected nine billion people on the planet by 2050. It brings about the idea and thourugh search about the control and management of pest and diseases which affect the plants, and a possible way to control them.

How can Agricultural Research and testing improve the standard of living?

Through the help of agricultural research and continued testing, the standard of living we enjoy today can be expected to improve. Animal immunization—Historically, diseases have been devastating to livestock pro- duction enterprises. The introduction of vaccines and medicines has improved the health of livestock.

Is agricultural research on the decline?

“Investments in agricultural research have led to extraordinary gains in productivity over the past century. While the United States has been, and should remain, the leader in cutting-edge agricultural research, public funding for agricultural research has been on the decline.

What are the different types of Agricultural Research?

Animal immunization, artificial insemination, biological control of pests, embryo transfer, genetic engineering, hydroponics, and tissue culture are just a few areas of agricultural research. Through agricultural research, the standard of living we enjoy today can be improved.

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What are the benefits of scientific advancement?

Among the benefits of scientific advancement lie some risks . Scientists and society must consider the potential of research, as well as the risks. With every discovery, there exists some risk. It is up to society, policy makers, and scientists to determine how much risk is acceptable. Risk comes in many forms.


Why is genetic engineering important?

tists believe that genetic engineering holds the key to greatly increasing food supplies for the world. Genetic engineering is a volatile public issue. It is likely that public debate will continue regarding genetic engineering research and application.


Why are growth regulators used in lawns?

Growth regulators may also be used on golf courses and lawns to reduce the growth rate of grasses and thus cut down of the fre- quency of mowing.


How has immunization improved livestock?

Animal immunization—Historically, diseases have been devastating to livestock pro- duction enterprises. The introduction of vaccines and medicines has improved the health of livestock. Animal immunization, the process of giving animals resistance to disease through vaccination or inoculation, has reduced diseases. Animals in a disease-free envi- ronment can be raised at a much lower cost to producers, and the savings are passed on to consumers.


How do computers help plant scientists?

In plant science, computers are used to help determine the optimal time for irrigation and the amount of water to be delivered to the crop. They are also used to determine fertility levels and to adjust application rates. Food scientists rely heavily on computers to analyze the chemistry of foods. Embryo transfer—.


How do computers help in animal science?

In animal science, the selection of superior sires and dams can be made easily through computerized production records of progeny. Results of feed formulation data can be used to help determine the best mix of feed grains and sup- plements. In plant science, computers are used to help determine the optimal time for irrigation and the amount of water to be delivered to the crop. They are also used to determine fertility levels and to adjust application rates. Food scientists rely heavily on computers to analyze the chemistry of foods.


Is agriculture going to be a bright future?

Overall, the future of agriculture is bright. Exciting research in plant and animal sciences is in progress. Following are a few examples of agricultural research. Many other types of research are also being conducted. Through the help of agricultural research and continued testing, the standard of living we enjoy today can be expected to improve.


Why is agricultural research and development important?

Abstract. Public investment in agricultural research and development (R&D) is important for global food security and environmental sustainability. Although public agricultural R&D projects are associated with high economic returns, they are characterized by long time horizons and temporal lags.


Why invest in research?

Invest in research to better understand the potential contribution and current constraints of urban and rural agriculture.


How does international collaboration help in agriculture?

During the past five decades international collaboration under the leadership of the international agricultural research and development organizations (CGIAR centers, FAO and other UN agencies) have played a pivotal role in the development and dissemination of agricultural technologies around the world, especially in developing countries. Bilateral collaboration between advanced countries and developing countries has also been more effective in the development of agricultural research, training, and extension activities in several countries with technical support of CGIAR Centers and policy support of national governments. With future challenges of increasing demand for agricultural products on a sustainable and environment-friendly basis with decreasing agricultural land and water resources, it is important to recognize that intricacies of agricultural research, training, and extension are also increasing. There is a great need to equip young researchers with cutting-edge technologies. In order to meet this challenge, international collaboration can also be utilized as much as possible in strengthening public-private sector partnership for the required effective agricultural research, training, extension, and policy support systems. Some countries, notably China, have taken it seriously and deployed policy tools to provide fully funded scholarships to talented youth to obtain the necessary research experience abroad in advanced countries and CGIAR Centers and also ensuring that they return and contribute towards nation building. Such programs have a great potential in countries like India, which possess a big resource of ambitious youth. The government of India has initiated some brain-gain programs aimed at attracting non-resident Indian scientists already trained in advanced countries. However, there is still a great scope to assist young scientists in attaining appropriate training abroad to further strengthen the science and technology sectors.


What are the research centers in the Philippines?

Under the Philippine Department of Agriculture (DA), there is a national rice research center (PhilRice in Muñoz, Luzon, www.philrice.gov.ph ), addressing both research and technology dissemination, and the Bureaus of Plant Industry, Soil and Water Management ( www.bswm.gov.ph ), and Postharvest Research and Extension (which includes an emphasis on grain storage research). The Food and Nutrition Research Institute ( www.fnri.dost.ph) and the research planning and funding body, the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development ( www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph ), sit under the Department of Science and Technology. There are also Regional Integrated Agricultural Research Centers – there is one organization in each of the 15 regions, but some have 2–3 research stations and several focus on grain crops. The universities have a far greater share of research capacity than DA. The strongest university in agriculture including grains research is the University of Philippines at Los Baños, which has specialized institutes of plant breeding and of farming systems research. These include Benguet State University, Central Luzon State University, Visayas State University College of Agriculture, Don Mariano Marcos State University, Central Mindanao University, and the University of Southern Mindanao. There are also several others with some strengths in agriculture (Mindanao State University, Bicol University, and Central Visayas State College). Some of the universities have regional research and development centers and also have quite good extension/outreach systems. While significant private sector research enterprises are present in horticulture, grains research remains in the public domain.


How does agri food change?

As agri-food systems transform, the main actors and their relative roles also change. Generally, in low-income countries, public research and extension dominate and investments are often limited to a few agricultural commodities. Private actors play a greater role as the value of agri-food systems moves off the farm, and food supply chains get longer and consolidate to benefit from economies of scale. With the increasing numbers of empowered middle-class consumers, agri-food systems are increasingly shaped by consumer demand for more varied, higher-quality, and safer foods.


What is STB in agriculture?

The “Science and Technology Backyard” (STB) approach, established by professors and students of China Agricultural University, in collaboration with local partners ( Zhang et al., 2016 ), is an innovative model that not only illustrates, but also implements, how to effectively disseminate technical know-how to smallholder farmers at a large scale. The university professors and students live in villages among farmers to carry out participatory innovation and technology transfer. Outreach and scaling up were achieved through training of the leading farmers. Thus, the STB connects the scientific community with the local farming community and has helped smallholder farmers to successfully close the yield gap of wheat crops by 30%, with a yield increase from 67.9% of the attainable yield to 97.0%.


What is agricultural R&D?

Agricultural R&D is a crucial determinant of agricultural productivity and production and therefore food prices and poverty. In this article, the authors present new evidence on investments in public agricultural R&D worldwide as an indicator of the prospects for agricultural productivity growth over the coming decades.

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