The United States’ role as a leader in agricultural production and consumption is due in part to having climates that are good for agriculture, sophisticated infrastructure systems, the most arable land available, a variety of produce, and suitable amounts of rainfall and climate stability over a large portion of arable land.
Why has agricultural production increased in the United States?
The value of agricultural production in the United States rose over most of the last decade due to increases in production as well as higher prices. Yield gains for crops were particularly important, although acreage also rose in response to elevated prices from 2008 to 2012.
What does it mean to be a leader in agriculture?
By definition, leaders set direction and help themselves and others move forward. During periods of rapid change and transformation it becomes increasingly difficult to know what the “right direction” is. Such is the challenge in agriculture today.
What has the United States done for the agriculture industry?
The U.S. has led developments in seed improvement, such as hybridization, and in expanding uses for crops from the work of George Washington Carver to bioplastics and biofuels.
What is the government’s role in the agriculture industry?
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plays a huge role in supporting the U.S. agriculture industry. America’s food supply must be protected from extreme weather like droughts, tornadoes, and hurricanes. The government has a role in ensuring food production during wars, recessions, and other economic crises.
What are some of the most important developments in agriculture?
The mechanization of farming and intensive farming have been major themes in U.S. history, including John Deere ‘s steel plow, Cyrus McCormick ‘s mechanical reaper, Eli Whitney ‘s cotton gin, and the widespread success of the Fordson tractor and the combine harvester. Modern agriculture in the U.S. ranges from hobby farms and small-scale producers to large commercial farms covering thousands of acres of cropland or rangeland .
Why were farmers open to new crops?
Scholarship has shown that farmers in the early United States were open to planting new crops, raising new animals and adopting new innovations as increased agricultural productivity in turn increased the demand for shipping services, containers, credit, storage, and the like.
How did the practices associated with keeping livestock contribute to the deterioration of the forests and fields?
The practices associated with keeping livestock also contributed to the deterioration of the forests and fields. Colonists would cut down the trees and then allow their cattle and livestock to graze freely in the forest and never plant more trees. The animals trampled and tore up the ground so much as to cause long-term destruction and damage.
What were the crops grown in the early colonial South?
Warmer regions saw plantings of cotton and herds of beef cattle. In the early colonial south, raising tobacco and cotton was common, especially through the use of slave labor until the Civil War. In the northeast, slaves were used in agriculture until the early 19th century.
How did European agriculture affect New England?
European agricultural practices greatly affected the New England landscape. Colonists brought livestock over from Europe which caused many changes to the land. Grazing animals required a lot of land and food and the act of grazing itself destroyed native grasses, which were being replaced by European species. New species of weeds were introduced and began to thrive as they were capable of withstanding the grazing of animals, whereas native species could not.
What are some of the agricultural products that were grown in the United States in 1921?
Main article: History of agriculture in the United States. Cotton farming on a Southern plantation in 1921. Corn, turkeys, tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, and sunflower seeds constitute some of the major holdovers from the agricultural endowment of the Americas .
Why is agriculture dangerous?
Agriculture ranks among the most hazardous industries due to the use of chemicals and risk of injury. Farmers are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (general traumatic injury and musculoskeletal injury ), work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, skin diseases, chemical-related illnesses, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. In an average year, 516 workers die doing farm work in the U.S. (1992–2005). Every day, about 243 agricultural workers suffer lost-work-time injuries, and about 5% of these result in permanent impairment. Tractor overturns are the leading cause of agriculture-related fatal injuries, and account for over 90 deaths every year. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends the use of roll over protection structures on tractors to reduce the risk of overturn-related fatal injuries.
Which state has the most agricultural production?
Iowa, Texas, Nebraska, and Minnesota round out the top five agricultural-producing States, with those five representing more than a third of U.S. agricultural-output value.
How many states produce agricultural products?
U.S. agricultural production occurs in each of the 50 States. The United States produces and sells a wide variety of agricultural products across the Nation. In terms of sales value, California leads the country as the largest producer of agricultural products (crops and livestock), accounting for almost 11 percent of the national total, …
What is the effect of increased crop production on inflation?
Increased productivity in crop production underlies a general decrease in inflation-adjusted prices for corn, wheat, and soybeans over the past century. This downward price trend was reversed during the past decade by global growth in population and income, increasing biofuel production, and a depreciation of the U.S. dollar, but is likely to resume from these recent higher levels as population and income growth slow, biofuel production levels off, and as the U.S. dollar strengthens.
How many acres of corn and soybeans were planted in the United States in 1990?
Since 1990, combined acreage planted to corn, wheat, soybeans, and upland cotton in the United States has ranged from 219 million to 242 million acres. Starting in the 1990s, policy changes increased planting flexibility provided to farmers.
What percentage of corn is used to make ethanol?
Corn is the major agricultural input used in the United States to produce ethanol, which has accounted for over 40 percent of U.S. corn use in recent years.
What are the leading fruits and vegetables?
fruit and tree nut value of production has increased steadily over the past decade, while the value of vegetable production has been more stable. Grapes, apples, strawberries, and oranges top the list of fruits; tomatoes and potatoes are the leading vegetables.
How much milk is produced in 2019?
Milk output has risen 70 percent since 1980 and in 2019 exceeded 218 billion pounds per year. Genetic developments and technological improvements underlie a pronounced upward trend in milk output per cow. Consolidation in the dairy sector also has facilitated efficiency gains in milk production.
How much revenue does agriculture generate?
In the United States, agriculture generated $374 billion in revenue in 2018, when adjusted for inflation. Around 75% of this income was from meat and feed for the animals that produce it. 4 By comparison, just 17% of U.S. agricultural receipts were from non-meat food for people. This includes fruits, nuts, vegetables, wheat, and rice. The remaining 10% of receipts were from cotton, tobacco, and miscellaneous products.
What is the most important source of revenue for agriculture?
Half of U.S. agriculture revenue is from meat production. 4 Most of this is cattle, dairy, poultry, hogs, and eggs. A smaller proportion is bison, rabbits, sheep, goats, and ostriches.
What is the biggest crop in the United States?
Sorghum, barley, and oats are also used for feed. The nation’s biggest crop is corn , and the United States is the world’s largest producer. 5 The 90-million acre “corn belt” is mostly in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. 6 Corn is also used for cereal, alcohol, and corn syrup.
Why are antibiotics used in agriculture?
To prevent illnesses from these cramped conditions, animals are fed antibiotics. In 1951, the Federal Drug Administration approved antibiotic use because it also increases weight gain of the animals. 19 Some scientists estimate that 80% of all antibiotics sold are used in agriculture.
How do farmers protect the water table?
In drought-prone areas, sustainable farmers only grow plants that don’t use much water. They protect the water table from pesticides, nitrates, and salt. Farmers protect wildlife areas in watersheds or marshes by not planting in these areas.
Why do farmers buy futures?
To lower the risk, farmers can buy futures contracts that promise to sell at an agreed-upon price on a specific date. Farmers take their chances on what the price will be when it’s time to harvest. Either way, they are betting that their costs will be lower than their future revenue. Small farmers aren’t as sophisticated as corporations in using the futures market to offset risk. This gives the large corporations another advantage over small farmers.
How much does a large farm make?
U.S. agriculture is dominated by the 3% of farms that are large or very large. Large farms have an income of $1 million or more . 1 These large farms are successful because they focus on one crop. This practice is called monoculture, and it’s very cost-effective. 3
What are the factors that contribute to the increase in agricultural production?
The substantial increase in total agricultural production can be attributed to the advent of new technologies, innovations, and process improvements in the farm sector. These range from improved seed varieties, genetic enhancement in livestock, advanced machinery that comes equipped with global positioning systems, and robotics, among other innovations.
What innovations have enabled continued growth in farm output?
Even as land and labor used in farming declined, innovations in animal and crop genetics, chemicals, equipment and farm organization have enabled continuing growth in farm output.
What percentage of the economy was impacted by labor and land inputs between 1948 and 2017?
Between 1948 and 2017, labor and land inputs declined by 76 and 28 percent , respectively, while intermediate goods, such as energy, agricultural chemicals, purchased services, and other materials grew by 133 percent.
What is TFP in agriculture?
Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth is a measure of the rate of growth of total output relative to the rate of growth of total inputs. Total output comprises the aggregate of farm production including crops, livestock and livestock products, and associated services, whereas total inputs comprise land, labor, physical capital, and intermediate inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, energy, and custom services.
Which countries are involved in farming?
The principal countries/regions of origin were Canada, the European Union, and Mexico. Farming also involves significant production costs. A closer look at the composition of these costs shows that feed made up the largest share, followed by costs associated with farm services, livestock and poultry.
What countries are exporting agricultural products in 2020?
In 2020, exports of agricultural products were worth some 164 billion U.S. dollars. The most important countries of destination were China, Canada, and Mexico. Conversely, imports worth around 130.2 billion U.S. dollars made their way into the United States that same year. The principal countries/regions of origin were Canada, the European Union, and Mexico.
What percentage of soybeans are genetically modified?
Some crops have a very high share of GM crops per species. For example in 2020, some 94 percent of all soybeans planted in the U.S. were genetically modified so as to be herbicide tolerant.
Is the United States a leading agricultural producer?
Thanks to its natural resources and land conditions, the United States was always destined to be one of the world’s leading agricultural producers and suppliers.
What could ag associations bring?
Ag Associations could bring students and the next generation of growers into their working groups.
Is the average consumer more distant from the farm gate?
The average consumer has never been more distant from the farm gate. Yet the consumer demands with respect to food supply have grown exponentially. There are growing concerns for safe and environmentally friendly production. Consumer preference and the high profile focus on “healthier” options coincide and clash at the same time. Animal rights concerns create an additional layer of oversight to production. “Seed value creation” and the role of bio-technology are becoming a large subset of the industry. Production practices are scrambling to catch up. Compliance and cost efficiency don’t co-exist.
United States agriculture production in 2018
• It was by far the largest world producer of maize (392 million tons). The country has been the world leader in maize production for decades and only recently China, with 257.3 million tonnes produced this year, has been approaching North American production;
• It was the largest world producer of soy (123.6 million tons), a position that they held for many years, but recently, they ha…
Major agricultural products
Farm type or majority enterprise type
Farm type is based on which commodities are the majority crops grown on a farm. Nine common types include:
• Cash grains includes corn, soybeans and other grains (wheat, oats, barley, sorghum), dry edible beans, peas, and rice.
In 1870, almost 50 percent of the U.S. population was employed in agriculture. As of 2008 , less than 2 percent of the population is directly employed in agriculture.
In 2012, there were 3.2 million farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers and an estimated 757,900 agricultural workers were legally employed in the US. Animal breeders accounted for 11,500 of those workers with the rest categorized as miscellaneous agricultural w…
Occupational safety and health
U.S. Agriculture Components
U.S. Meat Production
The Important Role of The U.S. Department of Agriculture
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plays a huge role in supporting the U.S. agriculture industry. America’s food supply must be protected from extreme weatherlike droughts, tornadoes, and hurricanes. The government has a role in ensuring food production during wars, recessions, and other economic crises. Food production is considered to be m…