Why we should end animal agriculture


Why should we stop animal farming?

Factory farms not only mistreat animals, they also pollute the environment and endanger the health and well-being of their workers and residents of the surrounding community. They consume large quantities of natural resources and lower community property values.

Why we should end animal agriculture Jacy Reese Anthis?

In this eye-opening talk, animal advocate and social scientist Jacy Reese makes a compelling argument as to why (and how) we should relegate the factory farming of animals to history’s scrap pile. This talk was presented to a local audience at TEDxUniversityofMississippi, an independent event. Read more about TEDx.

What are the problems of animal agriculture?

Intensive animal agriculture creates air and water pollution, antibiotic resistance, declining home values, as well as concerns about environmental justice and animal rights.

How does animal agriculture harm the environment?

Animal agriculture produces 65% of the world’s nitrous oxide emissions which has a global warming impact 296 times greater than carbon dioxide. Raising livestock for human consumption generates nearly 15% of total global greenhouse gas emissions, which is greater than all the transportation emissions combined.

What is the end of Animal Farm?

Napoleon seizes power by force and ends up exploiting the animals just as Farmer Jones had done. The novel ends with the pigs behaving and even dressing like the humans the animals tried to get rid of in the first place.

Will factory farming ever end?

‘The End of Animal Farming’ Author Jacy Reese Explains Why Factory Farming Will Be Obsolete By 2100.

How animal agriculture is destroying the planet?

Animal agriculture is the number one source of methane worldwide, and methane is 21 times more powerful as a greenhouse gas than CO2. Animal agriculture produces more than 100 million tons of methane a year. 51 percent or more of global greenhouse-gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture.

How much pollution does animal agriculture cause?

Animal agriculture is linked to: 55 percent of erosion; 60 percent of nitrogen pollution; and. 70 percent of the global dietary phosphorus footprint.

What is the most important issue facing the future of animal agriculture?

Global environmental challenges, including global climate change, and the growing threat of disease transmission to and from agricultural animals add further challenges to sustainably meeting the demand for animal agriculture in 2050.

Does animal agriculture cause climate change?

Scientific consensus shows that animal agriculture is responsible for 14.5-16.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions and causes significant environmental degradation, from biodiversity loss to deforestation.

How much waste does animal agriculture produce?

The US Department of Agriculture estimates that confined farm animals generate more than 450 million tonnes of manure annually, 3 times more raw waste than generated by Americans. The waste lagoons on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) not only pollute our groundwater, but deplete it as well.

What would happen if we didn’t have livestock?

Food supply. Grain would make up 58 percent of the food, up from 21 percent — 77 percent of those grains would be corn. Legumes would go up from 1.4 percent in the present system to 10 percent if animals were removed.


This is not the only time Brown has spoken publically about his mission. He first spoke about his major plans at a press briefing in 2017, announcing: “We want to completely replace animals as a food production technology by 2035. We are working on producing all foods that we get from animals.”

Impossible Burger

Impossible Foods has had a huge year so far, launching version 2.0 of its plant-based patty several months ago. In April, it was revealed that fast-food giant Burger King would be using the patty in a meat-free version of its flagship sandwich The Whopper.


Impossible Foods’ trajectory has not been without controversy; it describes its patty as plant-based rather than vegan because one of its ingredients – soy leghemoglobin aka ‘heme’ – was fed to rats in order to test its safety. In excess of 180 rats were killed as a result of the testing.

What do farmers call animal welfare crisis?

Farmers have called it a crisis of animal welfare : “The farmers we represent believe it it is unethical to allow any animal to suffer,” said National Pork Producers Council President Howard Roth in a press statement describing the situation.

How do pigs die?

Pigs may be killed by other means, including “gunshot, captive bolt, electrocution, and injection of anesthetic overdose.”. One method called “blunt force trauma,” otherwise simply known as “thumping,” is specifically recommended for baby pigs, whereby the piglets are slammed headfirst into the ground.

How many hens are euthanized in Minnesota?

For the latter, there are many methods available. Daybreak Foods Inc. recently used carbon dioxide saturation to euthanize 61,000 egg-laying hens in Minnesota. Other companies may choose to cover their flocks in a layer of foam, which blocks the birds’ airways and gradually suffocates them.

What are the options for farmers facing overcrowding?

Faced with overcrowding, farmers are presented with two options: limiting the growth of their animal populations (via induced abortions or withholding food to limit the animals’ physical size), or “depopulation,” also known as culling (pick your euphemism). For the latter, there are many methods available.

How has animal agriculture made it possible for food corporations to turn farms into efficient factories?

The advent of industrial animal agriculture has made it possible for food corporations to turn farms into efficient factories, by doing so, disregarding the fact that they are dealing with sentient beings and forcing them to endure a lifetime of suffering and cruelty.

What would happen if people cared about animals?

If they care about animals, they wouldn’t breed them into existence for imminent slaughter in the first place.

Why do multinationals have complete control over their own production?

And because they are able to contract the dwindling number of farms to produce animal products their way , they have complete control.

Why don’t humans need animals?

Humans don’t need to consume animals in order to be healthy and survive. And we certainly don’t need to treat animals like machinery or commodities. Industrial animal agriculture is responsible for the suffering and slaughter of trillions of animals each and every year around the globe. It is responsible for the degradation …

How does factory farming maximize profits?

Factory farming, from a business perspective, is a brilliant way to maximize profits by dramatically increasing the supply while at the same time bringing down production costs. And if factory farming was dealing with the production of cotton T-shirts or toys then it wouldn’t be as objectionable as it is.

What is factory farming?

Factory farming is the answer corporations found when the question was about turning animal agriculture into an industrial operation.

Why do farmers treat animals the same as workers treat equipment or machinery in a factory?

By treating farm animals the same as workers treat equipment or machinery in a factory, farmers are able to raise and produce animals at extraordinary rates. Doing so makes it final product, clothing or food in most cases, significantly cheaper for the consumer.

How long does it take to end animal farming?

Reese believes that with considerable effort, we can end animal farming altogether within 100 years, and that when we do, our era will come to seem as morally backward as the distant past now seems to us today. What’s more, we can do it without having to forgo the pleasures of animal-based foods. Reese’s book is somewhat unique, as there are too few works on intractable global problems that present clear and optimistic paths to solving them. If anyone wants to feel more encouraged about the possibilities for change, or more confident that animal cruelty is a problem that both should and can be addressed, pick up a copy of The End of Animal Farming.

What is the moral problem with killing animals?

The moral problem with our current practice of killing and eating of animals is very clear. Non-human animals are quite obviously sentient and feel fear, pain, and sorrow. Most of us know this, which is why we object to animal cruelty when it’s perpetrated against puppies or kittens. But off in places we keep out of sight, billions of animals are being constantly subjected to unimaginable cruelty. Baby chicks are thrown away by the thousand to suffocate, animals are raised in crowded darkness, their entire lives consisting of never-ending stress and pain. This only begins to touch on the horrors.

What are the four N’s of animal based food?

With animal-based foods specifically, there are four common defenses people use, the four N’s: normal, natural, nice, and necessary . Everyone eats meat, eating meat is human nature, meat is delicious, and you need meat to be healthy. Reese proposes ways of countering each of these, by normalizing alternative products, showing how the moral question can’t be solved by calling something “natural,” finding ways to create equivalent deliciousness, and showing that meat is unnecessary for health (vegan football players like Colin Kaepernick and vegan MMA fighters are good advertisers). Reese is critical of the alienating approach taken by PETA, and advocates meeting people where they’re at: not trying to make them become ascetics, focusing more on political action and pressuring institutions. Let people know that you can do things other than reduce your animal intake, like “contacting a company or government representative, joining a protest, working for or donating to animal advocacy organizations or animal-free food startups, sharing articles and other media, or having conversations about animal farming with their friends and family.” Reese is also sensitive to the potential for the animal welfare movement to become isolated, as well as dominated by wealthy white people, and insists that those who care about animals “build bridges with other movements” and adopt an “intersectional” framework that is conscientious about human political issues too.

What percentage of animals live in China?

The U.S. can only do so much alone. For one thing, most of the problem occurs elsewhere. 49 percent of farmed animals live in China, which has 60 billion of them and no real animal protection laws. India is the next-highest country with 8 billion, while the U.S. itself only has 1 billion. A billion sentient creatures is still a lot of lives, though, and Reese says work in the U.S. has great value because of this country’s role in setting global trends. Practices implemented here will likely spread elsewhere. Ultimately, though, China needs its own domestic movement for animal welfare, and some have proposed an international treaty on animal rights. In fact, it’s remarkable to me that there isn’t such a treaty. International agreement on the basic standards of care necessary for animals seems an important corollary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Can regulation eliminate human demand for animal products?

But while regulation can better the conditions of farmed animals, it cannot eliminate the human demand for animal products. For that, we will need to improve non-animal-based products, and make them seem like “normal options rather than weird, imperfect alternatives.” It should feel more like switching to non-animal meat rather than giving up meat, the products tasting just as good and fooling blind taste-testers. After all, Reese says, “people eat animals in spite of how they are produced, not because of it,” and if you could give them a functionally indistinguishable substitute, they could probably be persuaded not to stick with slaughter purely for the sake of slaughter.

What would Bill Gates’ plan do to rural America?

Gates’s plan would devastate rural America. Not only would those involved in the raising of beef cattle — and eventually, all meats — be driven out of business but food processors, growers of feed grain, etc. Talk about an authoritarian mindset! Get Jim Geraghty’s tour of the political news of the day.

What are some examples of nonhuman animal products?

For example, the blood of a slaughtered cow is used to manufacture plywood adhesives, fertilizer, fire extinguisher foam, and dyes.

Is animal agriculture on the chopping block?

Animal agriculture is definitely on the chopping block. Indeed, Bill Gates wants us all eating synthetic beef made in labs from stem cells, meaning no more cattle ranching. From an MIT Technology Review interview with the Utopian multibillionaire: I do think all rich countries should move to 100% synthetic beef.

Is it possible to sell meat in middle income countries?

So for meat in the middle-income-and-above countries, I do think it’s possible. But it’s one of those ones where, wow, you have to track it every year and see, and the politics [are challenging]. There are all these bills that say it’s got to be called, basically, lab garbage to be sold. They don’t want us to use the beef label.

What is the change coming over farming?

The change that is coming over farming can be summarised in simple economic terms. Intensive agriculture prioritises a bumper harvest – the annual dividend – while the new approach emphasises the preservation of the initial capital – the land itself. For a glimpse of how this new investment priority will affect British farming, it suffices to visit those progressives who have already, to varying degrees, made it their own.

Why is rewilding controversial?

Because many of the practitioners are billionaires, and because the landscapes they have returned to nature are (no matter who owns them on paper) our cherished inheritance, and because of a deeply held tradition of depending on the land for food, rewilding attracts controversy.

How many deer did MacDonell kill?

By 2013, MacDonell and his team had culled 8,000 deer at Glenfeshie, and his local opponents, among them a neighbouring deerstalking enterprise, had camped on the moral high ground. “When they shoot deer they call it sport,” MacDonell said wryly when I visited him last September, “and when we shoot deer they call it slaughter. Also, they claimed it would take hundreds of years for the woodland to regenerate.”

What trees survived the browsing of deer?

Those few Scots pines that had survived the browsing of the deer were nearing the end of their lives; soon there would be no seed source for the next generation.

When did Burrell invite farmers to Knepp?

In August 2003, Burrell invited local farmers to Knepp with the aim of converting them to the project. As he laid out his vision of fields and hedges devolving into scrub and wetland, his audience erupted with anger. “It wasn’t simply that our neighbours (including some other members of the family) thought this wasn’t right for them,” Tree wrote. “It was more visceral … an affront to the efforts of every self-respecting farmer, an immoral waste of land, an assault on Britishness itself.”

Why did farmers get subsidies?

For decades, farmers justified their subsidies by citing the continuing need for British self-sufficiency in food production, despite the fact that in many cases they were only solvent thanks to European subsidies. During that time, there was still only minimal awareness that the relentless drive for higher yields through intensive methods might be bad for the environment. The few farmers who questioned the prevailing wisdom faced ostracism by their peers.

Where did Charles Burrell farm?

So Charles Burrell discovered in 2000, when he declared defeat after a decade and a half of intensive farming at Knepp, his 1,400-hectare estate in the south of England.

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